Chapati, also known as roti, safati, shabaati, phulka and roshi, is an unleavened flatbread originating from the Indian subcontinent and staple in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, East Africa and the Caribbean

It is a common staple in the Indian subcontinent as well as amongst expatriates from the Indian subcontinent throughout the world. Chapatis were also introduced to other parts of the world by immigrants from the Indian subcontinent, particularly by Indian merchants toΒ Central Asia,Β Southeast Asia,Β East Africa, and theΒ Caribbean islands.

History

The wordΒ chapatΒ (Hindi:ΰ€šΰ€ͺΰ€€) means “slap”,”flat” which describes the traditional method of forming rounds of thin dough by slapping the dough between the wetted palms of the hands. With each slap, the round of dough is rotated.Β ChapatiΒ is noted in the 16th-century documentΒ Ain-i-AkbariΒ byΒ Abu’l-Fazl ibn Mubarak,Β vizierΒ ofΒ Mughal EmperorΒ Akbar.[2]

Chapatis are one of the most common forms of wheat bread which are aΒ stapleΒ food in the Indian subcontinent. The carbonized wheat grains discovered at the excavations atΒ Mohenjo-daroΒ are of a similar variety to an endemic species of wheat still to be found in India today. TheΒ Indus valleyΒ is known to be one of the ancestral lands of cultivated wheat. Chapati is a form ofΒ rotiΒ orΒ rottaΒ (bread). The words are often used interchangeably.

Chapatis, along with rotis, were introduced to other parts of the world by immigrants from the Indian subcontinent, particularly by Indian merchants who settled in Southeast Asia and the Caribbean islands.

Source:Β wikipedia

 

 

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